SKU: 440c Martensitic stainless steel semi-forged knife Category:
  1. General Details

    440c Martensitic stainless steel semi-forged knife


    1.Material:440c Martensitic stainless steel

    Main chemical composition %

    C Cr Mn Si Mo V
    0.95~1.1 16.00~18.00 0.30~0.7 ≤0.80 0.40~0.70
    Co S P Ni Nb W
    ≤0.03 ≤0.04 <0.4



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    3.440C Martensitic Stainless Steel Semi-Forged Knife: The Apex of Cutting Precision

    The realm of culinary tools is vast and varied, but within it, certain materials stand out for their exceptional properties. Among these, 440C martensitic stainless steel holds a distinguished place, especially when it is used to craft semi-forged knives. This material’s unique blend of strength, durability, and corrosion resistance makes it a top choice for both professional chefs and kitchen enthusiasts.

    • The Semi-Forged Process

    Forging is a traditional technique in knife making that involves heating the metal and then hammering it into shape. This process refines the grain structure, enhancing the metal’s strength and durability. In contrast, stamping involves cutting the knife’s shape from a sheet of steel, which is generally quicker and less labor-intensive but does not offer the same level of performance as forging.

    A semi-forged knife combines the benefits of both forging and stamping. The blade is initially stamped out from a sheet of 440C stainless steel, which is then subjected to forging processes at critical points, particularly around the tang and bolster. This method offers a balance of the precision and uniformity of stamping with the enhanced strength and durability of forging.

    4.General Properties:

    Stainless steels are high-alloy steels which have high corrosion resistance compared to other steels due to the presence of large amounts of chromium. Based on their crystalline structure, they are divided into three types such as ferritic, austenitic, and martensitic steels. Another group of stainless steels are precipitation-hardened steels. They are a combination of martensitic and austenitic steels.

    Grade 440C stainless steel is a high carbon martensitic stainless steel. It has high strength, moderate corrosion resistance, and good hardness and wear resistance. Grade 440C is capable of attaining, after heat treatment, the highest strength, hardness and wear resistance of all the stainless alloys. Its very high carbon content is responsible for these characteristics, which make 440C particularly suited to such applications as ball bearings and valve parts.

    5.Properties of 440c Martensitic stainless steel

    • Corrosion Resistance:

    Good resistance to the atmosphere, fresh water, foods, alkalies and mild acids. Best resistance in the hardened and tempered and passivated condition. A smooth polished surface also assists.The corrosion resistance of grade 440C approximates that of grade 304 in many environments.

    • Heat Resistance:

    Stainlesssteel can operate at elevated temperatures without losing its hardness or temper. This property is crucial for toolslike saw blades and cutting tools that generate heat during use.Not recommended for use in temperatures above the relevant tempering temperature, because of reduction in mechanical properties by over-tempering.

    • Machinability:

    In the annealed condition this grade is relatively easily  machined; approximately the same as for high speed steel. Chips are tough and  stringy so chip breakers are important. If these grades are hardened  machining becomes more difficult and probably impossible.

    • Heat Treatment:

    Annealing – Full  anneal – 850-900°C, slow furnace cool to about 600°C and then air cool.  Sub-critical Annealing – 735-785°C and slow furnace cool.

    Hardening – Heat  to 1010-1065°C, followed by quenching in warm oil or air. Oil quenching is  necessary for heavy sections. Immediately temper at 150-370°C to obtain a  wide variety of hardness values and mechanical properties as indicated in the  accompanying table.

    Tempering in the  range 425-565°C is to be avoided because of reduced impact resistance and  corrosion resistance. Tempering in the range 590-675°C results in lower  hardness (the product become machinable) and high impact resistance.

    • High Heat Resistance:

    Stainlesssteel can operate at elevated temperatures without losing its hardness or temper. This property is crucial for toolslike saw blades and cutting tools that generate heat during use.

    • Weldability:

    If welding is necessary pre-heat at 250°C and follow welding  with a full anneal. Grade 420 filler will give a high hardness weld (although  not as high as the 440C), but 309 or 310 will produce soft welds with higher  ductility.

    • High Wear Resistance:

    Stainlesssteel exhibits superior wear resistance compared to many other materials. This property ensures that the blades maintain their cutting edge for a longer time, reducing the need for frequent sharpening or replacement.

    • Versatility:

    Stainlesssteel is versatile and can be used for various cutting applications, from woodworking to metalworking, sewing, and more. This versatility allows manufacturers to create a wide range of cutting toolsusing the same material.

    • Longer Lifespan:

    Stainlesssteel blades typically have a longer lifespan compared to blades made from other materials. This translates to cost savings for users who don’t need to replace their blades as frequently.

    • Quality and Performance:

    Using stainlesssteel for blade production ensures that the end products are of high quality and provide superior performance. This can lead to greater customer satisfaction and a strong reputation in the industry

    6.Applications in the Culinary World

    A 440C martensitic stainless steel semi-forged knife is versatile and suitable for a wide range of culinary tasks. From slicing delicate vegetables to cutting through tough meats, the knife’s superior edge retention and durability make it a reliable tool in any kitchen. Professional chefs appreciate the precision and control offered by such knives, while home cooks benefit from their ease of maintenance and longevity.


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